The Achaemenid Impacts On The Levantine Architecture During The Fifth And Fourth Centuries B.C.E.
Hashem Mohammad Khries, Ph.D.

The architectural remains give a direct expression of people's history in every age; explain the extent of their technological competence, traditions, culture, ideological levels, and their relations. The practice of architecture is used to accomplish both functional and emotional requirements, and thus, it serves both technical and artistic aims. Although these two aspects may be distinguished, they cannot be separated. During the Persian rule, the Levantines did not deny their ancestors' building techniques and methods they knew in the earlier periods, rather than they continued to employ them with or without modifications. The Persians were also known to hire Greek architects for constructing their monumental buildings. The architectural and decorative elements of the palatial buildings erected at the Achaemenid capitals have inspired the Levantine architects, specifically the Phoenicians in their northern colonies. This article describes the Achaemenid influences on the technique and art of designing of buildings in the Levant as distinguished from the skills associated with construction.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jaa.v5n2a7