Problems Facing Conservation of Kipsaraman Fossil Site, Tugen Hills, Kenya
Mr. Daniel Kipkorir, Prof. Simiyu Wandibba

Kipsaraman (sometimes spelt Kipsaramon) is one of the most significant fossil sites in Tugen Hills, Rift valley region in Kenya. Many researchers who have worked in the area since 1980s have been able to recover faunal and floral fossils from stratigraphic units that have been naturally preserved for millions of years. The area was declared a National Monument in 1990 following the discovery of high concentrations of fossils of ancient creatures. It is managed by the National Museums of Kenya (NMK), a state agency mandated to collect, preserve, study, document and present Kenya’s past and present cultural and natural heritage. In the recent past, there has been encroachment on the site by people, a factor that has depleted vegetation cover in and around the site, hence threatening the fossil resources. Extraction of forest products, overgrazing and cultivation has contributed to damage of the sediments. Most of the fossils have been exposed, eroded and vandalized.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/jaa.v3n2a4