Function of Iranian Cities in Safavid Erapolitical Cities or Commercial Cities
Abed Taghavi, Saman Farzin, Maryam Zoor
Journal of Anthropology & Archaeology, 1(1), pp. 28-40.

History of City and Urbanization in Safavid dynasty is one of the most active as well as complicated social category. Distribution and function of each city in accordance with their political, economic, social and cultural role indicated their various functional changes. Besides the political origin of Iranian cities in this era, the economic relations that are depended on urban society, is one of the most important functions of the city as a social phenomenon. In Safavid Iran, this has played a decisive role in the activity of urban social life regarding to an organized definition of commodity, distribution and exchanging system between urban and rural society as well as defining the role of organization in commercial process.This paper is based on historical analyzing method, utilizing historical sources, and social and economic studies on urbanization defining Persian cities economic structure in Safavid era. Farah Abad, Isfahan and Bandar Abbas in north, center and south of Iran are examined to realize the developments which are logical and documentary. These are selected because of their functional nature which was producer, industrial (processor) and exporter cities. The result of this research shows that the founded and developed cities in Safavid Iran, specially expanded on Silk Road in Shah Abbas I’s reign (996-1083H.), played the role of producer, distributer and exporter in North, Center and South of Iran. According to this produce and exchange system, the functional cities in Safavid era are divided in to three types: producer of raw materials, intermediary and processing and finally exporter (port) cities. The analysis of economic relations of cities in Safavid era indicates that the presented kinds in exchanging system concentrated on all aspects of king’s despotic monopolization and possessory exploitation, deep dependence of urban economy on agricultural economy in countryside and finally organizing the system which acted as intermediary and retail in cities.

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Taghavi, Abed., Farzin, Saman., & Zoor, Maryam. (2013). Function of Iranian Cities in Safavid Erapolitical Cities or Commercial Cities. Journal of Anthropology & Archaeology, 1(1), pp. 28-40.

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Abed Taghaviis aAssistant professor of Archaeology at University of Mazandaran. His career spans both Iranian Urbanism and the Archaeology. At the UniversityofSistan&Baluchitan he concurrently earned an M.A. in Archaeology and an M.S. in Islamic Archaeology, and received a Ph.D. in Islamic Archaeology2010.
He is now a member of scientific board of faculty art and architecture and department of archaeology at University of Mazandaran. He has published s a book and several original articles in international scientific journal about historical sociology, history, urbanism and archaeology in Islamic period.

Saman Farzin
Ph.D Candidate at Archaeology in University of Mazandaran, Iran







Maryam Zour
Ph.D Candidate at Archaeology in University of TarbiatModares, Tehran, Iran.






Corresponding Author
Contact Number: 00989125439231
Address: Mazandaran Province, Babolsar City, Paradis Complex (University of Mazandaran) ,
Faculty of Art & Architecture, Department of Archaeology.
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